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Transformative Mindset Course

Module 3.

Mobilising industry for a clean and circular economy

Authors:

Elżbieta Broniewicz, Joanna Godlewska

Institution:

Bialystok University of Technology, Poland

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Objectives of the training module include:

  1. indicating main problems in EU’s industry

  2. showing industry for a clean and circular economy as one of the elements of the UE Green Deal strategy

  3. explaining fundamentals of the Circular Economy concept

  4. familiarisation with groups of activities enabling transition towards Cicular Economy

  5. geting acquainted with European Commission Circular Economy policy 

  6. presening examples of the CE best practices in industry and cities 

  7. enabling access to a wide range of resources to build on the skills and knowledge in the field of Circular Economy

Content of the module:

  • Main problems in EU’s industry

  • Industry for a clean and circular economy as one of the elements of the UE Green Deal strategy

  • Basics of the Circular Economy concept (definition, assumptions, groups of activities)

  • European Commission Circular Economy policy (problems, objectives, actions)  

  • Circular Economy best practices in industry and cities 

Teaching methods: lectures, case study, quiz, self-study of additional materials

Duration: 2.5 hours

Glossary

  • Circular Economy - it is a production and consumption model, which involves sharing, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products as long as possible. In this way, the life cycle of products is extended.

Source: Circular economy: definition, importance and benefits | News | European Parliament (europa.eu)

  • Industrial Symbiosis - the process by which waste or by-products of an industry or industrial process become the raw materials for another.

Source: Kalundborg Symbiosis, http://www.symbiosis.dk/en/

 

  • Recovery - energy recovery from waste is converting non-recyclable waste materials into useable heat, electricity, or fuel through various processes, including combustion, gasification, pyrolization, anaerobic digestion, and landfill gas (LFG) recovery. This process is often called waste-to-energy (WTE).

Source: Energy Recovery from the Combustion of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) | US EPA

  • Recycling - any recovery operation by which waste materials are reprocessed into products, materials or substances, whether for original or other purposes, except use as fuel.

Source: Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain DirectivesEUR-Lex - 32008L0098 - EN - EUR-Lex (europa.eu)

  • Waste:  

    • any substance or object which the holder discards or intends or is required to discard OR

    • solid or liquid (but not being wastewater) by-product coming from production or consumption, useless in time and place where it was created and harmful or onerous for the environment or people.

Source: Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain DirectivesEUR-Lex - 32008L0098 - EN - EUR-Lex (europa.eu

  • Industrial Waste - waste materials discarded from industrial operations or derived from manufacturing processes; may be solid, sludge (wet solids) or liquid wastes and may or may not be considered hazardous.

Source: industrial waste — European Environment Agency (europa.eu)

  • Sustainable Production - holistic approach to minimize the negative environmental impact of existing production and consumption systems. It is the production of goods and services that:

    • uses processes and systems that do not pollute the environment

    • saves energy and raw materials

    • is economically realistic 

    • is safe and not threatening people's health 

    • is socially and creatively profitable for all working people.

Source: Sustainable Manufacturing | US EPA

Using Mesh Bag

Teaching

Material

Solar panels

Case Study 1:

Circular Economy in industry -
Eco-industrial Park in Kalundborg

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See more:

1. Kalundborg Symbiosis 

http://www.symbiosis.dk/en/

 

2. The film 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9N5Kv7yfHxg

CER-Napoli-pic3-850x468.jpg

Case Study 2:

Circular Economy in cities

Circular Economy in cities - examples of activities 

Source: Polish Circular Hotspot, http://circularhotspot.pl/pl/miasta-i-regiony 

Additional materials & sources of information

Worth to see:

4 industry leaders on what it takes to go circular

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/09/4-industry-leaders-on-what-it-takes-to-go-circular-economy-circularity-sdis-2021/

UNIDO. Circular economy

https://www.unido.org/our-focus-cross-cutting-services/circular-economy

The circular economy: Moving from theory to practice

https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/sustainability/our-insights/the-circular-economy-moving-from-theory-to-practice

Guide. Circular Economy: What is it + how does it work?

https://www.rts.com/resources/guides/circular-economy/

Sankey diagram of material flows for EU-countries

https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/circular-economy/material-flow-diagram 

The film: Humans Changed the Face of the Earth, Now We Rethink Our Future, Ellen MacArthur Foundation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A5wn_iinbxw&t=87s

Literature and sources of information:

A new circular economy Action Plan. For a cleaner and more competitive Europe, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, THE European Economic and Social Commitee and the Commitee of regions, Brussels, 11.3.2020 COM(2020) 98 final

Circular economy: definition, importance and benefits, News. European Parliament, https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/headlines/economy/20151201STO05603/circular-economy-definition-importance-and-benefits

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of regions, „A European Strategy for Plastics in a circular economy”, COM(2018)28 final, EUR-Lex - 52018DC0028 - EN - EUR-Lex (europa.eu)

Growth within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe, McKinsey Center for Business and Environment, 2015

How Steel Makes the Circular Economy Go ‘Round, POSCO Reports, 2017

Material Flow Diagram, Circular Economy, Eurostat, Material flow diagram - Circular economy - Eurostat (europa.eu)

More from less – material resource efficiency in Europe. 2015 Overview of Policies, Instruments and Targets in 32 Countries, EEA Report No. 10/2016, p. 71

The European Green Deal, ommunication from the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, THE European Economic and Social Commitee and the Commitee of regions,  Brussels, 11.12.2019 COM(2019) 640 final 

Towards a circular economy: A zero waste programme for Europe, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, THE European Economic and Social Commitee and the Commitee of regions, Brussels, 2.7.2014 COM(2014) 398 final